As part of a Lawfare article, I performed a search across various government and industry sectors to gauge which websites relevant to Chinese national security do or do not deploy HTTPS on their login section. Many websites and login portals pertaining to government services, critical national infrastructure or a social media platform have not implemented HTTPS yet [at the time the article was published]. The websites listed below are thereby prone to be manipulated and impersonated by third parties, and sensitive data on them can be intercepted more easily. It is worth noting that some of the Chinese-based websites do deploy HTTPS. Others again embed HTTPS content in the HTTP page, but this is insufficient as someone could conduct (Wo)-Man-In-The-Middle-Attacks and replace the “authentic” login page with another “fake” one.
Government, Military, Police
People’s Public Security University of China. The university trains elite police officers and is ranked as China’s best police academy.
The Supreme People's Procuratorate of the People's Republic of China. This is the highest national level agency responsible for both prosecution and investigation.
The Chinese Central Government's Web Portal.Civil Service Examination Registration System of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs.
People's Government of Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region Network.
United Front Work Department of the Central Committee of the Chinese Communist Party. The department aims to influence high-level individuals and organizations inside and outside China.
United Front Work Department of the Shanghai Municipal Committee of the Communist Party of China.
Communist Party Member Network.
Ministry of Finance Bill Supervision Center.
Tianjin Public Security Bureau.
National Social Insurance Public Service Platform.
State Administration for Market Regulation.
National Archives Administration of China.
Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs.
General Administration of Customs.
State Cryptography Administration Beijing.
China National Intellectual Property Administration.
Hong Kong and Macao Affairs Office of the State Council.
China Academy of Engineering Physics.
China Meteorological Administration.
National Food and Strategic Reserves Administration.
China United Airlines. China United Airlines used to be part of the People's Liberation Army Air Force.
Renren. In 2018 Renren claimed to have 31 million monthly unique logins.